PNA (Pharmaceutical Needs Assessments)
From 1987 when applications for inclusion in an NHS pharmaceutical list where dealt with under the ‘necessary or desirable’ test until 2005, pharmacy applications were assessed on the adequacy of pharmaceutical services in the neighbourhood. In 2005, four exemptions were introduced which avoided the assessment of the adequacy of pharmaceutical services:
- pharmacies in large out of town retail developments;
- pharmacies undertaking to open for a minimum of 100 hours per week;
- pharmacies in ‘new’ one stop primary care centres; and
- mail order or internet pharmacies.